“Not empiricism and yet
realism in philosophy, that is the hardest thing” (Wittgenstein). This course
explores the attempts to respond to Wittgenstein’s desire for philosophical
realism by pragmatists and those critics who take Wittgenstein’s work as a
starting point. Beginning with Bernard Williams’ influential criticism of the
latter’s supposed idealism, the course introduces Rorty’s work post-Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature and concludes
with Huw Price’s version of pragmatism.